A historical site under State protection, the 10,000-sqm fortress sits in Pengcheng Village overlooking Daya Bay, Longgang District. It was first built in 1394 as a military fortress against sea rovers, and later developed into a town in the Ming and Qing dynasties. There are three well-preserved fortress gates, sections of ancient walls, alleys paved with stone slates, century-old temples and shrines, as well as a few mansions for some admirals of the Qing Dynasty. The best example of the mansions is that of former Admiral Lai Enjue, a residence with a history of over 150 years.
Admiral Lai’s Mausoleum
The mausoleum was built in Wangmutang, not far from the ancient fortress. Admiral Lai Enjue was a famous commander during the Opium Wars in the mid-1800s. His body was first buried at Dakeng Village in 1894 and was removed to Wangmutang in 1877. There are still some well-preserved stone sculptures besides his tomb.
Hakka Folk Customs Museum
The museum, also known as Hehu New Buildings, is one of the best-preserved Hakka-style residential buildings. It sits in Luoruihe Village in Longgang District, 28 kilometers from downtown Shenzhen. The residence, covering an area of 24,816 square meters and housing 179 rooms, was built in 1817. It is said the construction took the family 22 years to finish.
Nantou Ancient City
Located in Jiujietou Village in Nanshan District, the remains of the ancient city is a testimony to Shenzhen’s ancient civilization and development history. First built in 1394, the cultural heritage still boasts a well-preserved gate, 10 meters in width and 4.5 meters in height. Near the gate there is a museum showing dozens of excavated artifacts. A few other traditional buildings are also preserved to show the city’s prosperity in ancient times.
Chiwan Tianhou Temple
The temple sits beside Chiwan Village at the foot of the beautiful Xiaonanshan Hill, in Nanshan District. First built in the Song Dynasty about 800 years ago, it is the largest temple dedicated to the worship of Tianhou (Heavenly Queen) in Guangdong Province, enjoying a fame in Hong Kong, Macau and even Southeast Asia.
Chiwan Ancient Fort
This fort lies east of Chiwan Village. Built in the Qing Dynasty, it gives an excellent insight into the coastal defense facilities at that time.
Chiwan Beacon Tower
The beacon tower sits at the top of the beautiful Xiaonanshan Hill, overlooking Chiwan Village. Built in the Ming Dynasty, it was one of the most important beacon towers in Guangdong.
Shaodi Emperor’s Mausoleum
The only imperial mausoleum found in Guangdong Province, it was built west of Chiwan Village centuries ago in memory of Zhao Ribing (know as Shaodi Emperor in the history). Zhao was the last emperor of the Song Dynasty, who died in 1279 at the age of nine.
The Wenwudi Temple in Pingshan in Longgang District is a well-preserved ancient temple dedicated to the worship of two ancient emperors.
In Dameisha Village, objects dating from the New Stone Age and the Bronze Age have been found at this relics site.