New Opportunities for Employment: 97 New Digital Jobs Released

Now Shenzhen   |   February 27, 2023

The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security’s latest “Occupational Classification of the People’s Republic of China (2022 Edition)” added a net of 158 new occupations, of which 97 digital occupations were marked for the first time. What does the advent of digital careers mean? How will it affect the job market?

Concentrate on the field of digital technology application industry

Under the current trend of rapid digitalization, many digital careers have emerged as the times require. According to Wu Liduo, director of the China Employment Training Technical Guidance Center, the latest revision of the Occupational Classification Ceremony marked a total of 97 digital occupations, accounting for 6% of the total number of occupations.

From the perspective of industrial distribution, most digital occupations are concentrated in the field of digital technology application, such as data security engineering and technical personnel, industrial Internet engineering and technical personnel; digital efficiency improvement industry and digital factor driving industry, such as intelligent building administrators, Internet marketers ; There are also digital product manufacturing and digital product service industries, such as agricultural digital technicians.

34-year-old Liang Fengfeng is an engineer and technician of Zhejiang Shunyun Internet Technology Co., Ltd. He has worked in the industrial Internet field for nearly 10 years, and has carried out digital transformation for hundreds of enterprises, involving sheet metal, injection molding, machining and other enterprises.

Liang Fengfeng said that with the wave of digitalization, enterprises generally seek benefits from digital production and management. “Many small and medium-sized enterprises have invested 300,000 to 400,000 yuan in digital transformation in the field of production and management, which may bring significant improvements in production efficiency to enterprises.”

On September 27, 2022, in the digital workshop of Zhejiang Vie Technology Co., Ltd. located in the industrial zone of Diankou Town, Zhuji City, Zhejiang Province, workers were working on the assembly line. 
Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xu Yu

Through digital empowerment to improve efficiency, many agricultural enterprises have also tasted the sweetness. Beijing Yimutian Xinnong Network Technology Co., Ltd., which already has 46 million users, not only helps the production and marketing of agricultural products through digital means, but also goes to Xuwen, Guangdong and other places to provide training and guidance on digital sales to local farmers.

Ou Lianwei, head of the company’s marketing department, said that mobile phones have become “new agricultural tools” and agricultural digital technicians have become a recognized new profession. “My colleagues say that now we are not ‘programmers’ and ‘customer service’, but ‘agricultural digital technicians’!”

Demand for talents grows and there are gaps in many fields

The “2021 Beijing Human Resources Market Salary Big Data Report” released by the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Human Resources and Social Security shows that some digital occupations have relatively high salary levels. Among them, the blockchain engineering and technical personnel ranked first, with a median annual salary of 487,000 yuan, and the second to fourth digital occupations were information security testers, cloud computing engineering and technical personnel, and artificial intelligence engineering and technical personnel. .

The “Research Report on the Employment Impact of the Digital Economy” released by the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology shows that there is a huge gap in digital talents in China.

The rise of digital platforms provides a frontier for digital career development. Zhang Xiaojian, president of the China Employment Promotion Association, said that new digital occupations such as artificial intelligence trainers and blockchain application operators have been derived from the industrial chain of digital platforms, providing flexible employment for freelancers distributed in counties and remote areas Opportunity.

Wu Wei, an associate researcher at the Zhejiang Provincial Academy of Human Resources and Social Security Sciences, said that artificial intelligence, cloud computing, big data, industrial design, additive manufacturing, and robot engineering technology are the main industries that Zhejiang Province is focusing on developing. The demand is greater.

Data security is an important branch of network security. Pei Zhiyong, director of Qi Anxin Industry Security Research Center, believes that the short-term shortage of data security talents is at least between 50,000 and 100,000.

The “Industrial Internet Industry Talent Demand Forecast (2021 Edition)” released by the China Industrial Internet Research Institute shows that the demand for industrial Internet talents has maintained rapid growth for three consecutive years. It is estimated that the total demand for industrial Internet talents in my country will reach 2.355 million in 2023.

Multiple measures to promote digital career development

Wu Wei believes that labeling digital occupations is conducive to promoting the development of the digital economy and accelerating digital technology innovation from a macro perspective; from a micro perspective, it is conducive to reducing artificial barriers between industries and establishing industry talent circulation and evaluation standards.

Digital careers are more hands-on. Liang Fengfeng said that taking the Industrial Internet as an example, the Industrial Internet is the product of the integration of a new generation of information technology and manufacturing. Industrial Internet engineers and technicians need to understand IT, industry, and manufacturing. At present, there are few such compound talents, and it takes 5 years above growth period.

Many interviewees said that there is a disconnect between education and practice in the current digital professional talent training model. “For example, at present, the vast majority of those engaged in data security in China are professionals in computer, network engineering or communication, and there are very limited talents who specialize in network security.” Pei Zhiyong said that some colleges and universities have already opened some data security-related courses. However, there is still a lack of systematic data security courses, and there is still a big gap between the learned content and the application practice.

Experts in the industry suggest that in the future, education and teaching can be combined with actual positions and work scenarios to achieve the integration of production and education by organizing teacher training, external experts to teach, and building industrial Internet public training bases.

Ning Lianju, a professor of economic management at Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications and director of Yunjiayuan County Digital Economy Research Institute, suggested vigorously promoting the digital transformation of traditional infrastructure, accelerating the construction of intelligent, green, safe and reliable forward-looking digital infrastructure, and developing the collaborative sensing Internet of Things ; At the same time, break through the data barriers between various departments and industries, promote the convenience and marketization of data production, collection, processing, transmission and transactions, and lay a solid foundation for the development of digital careers.